|Título :||Las Órdenes militares de Calatrava y Santiago en el alto Guadalquivir (Siglos XIII-XV)|
|Autoría :||Rodríguez Molina, José|
|Fecha de publicación:||1975|
|Resumen:||Among the different Military Ordres settled in the High|
Guadalquivir we have to point out those of Calatrava and
Santiago, owing to the importance of their patrimonies. This
preponderant situation was shared with the four great councils
of Jaen, Baeza, Ubeda, Andújar, and some seigniories
which took part in the reconquest of the valley, forming part
of the army of Fernando III of Castille.
The participation of Calatrava and Santiago in the reconquest
of the valley of the Guadalquivir provided them with
a rich patrimony in such an area with several nucleus of
authority. Those nucleus were Martos for the order of Calatrava
and Segura de la Sierra for that of' Santiago, both in
the Eastern part of the region.
The formation of those seigniories, composed of several
villages and scattered properties in the limits of the different
councils, was due to the endowment of Fernando III
and other kings of Castille, and to the endowments of different
people or organizations; finally to the purchases and
interchanges which were made by those Orders along the
Later Middle Ages.
Both patrimonies occupied different areas: the order of
Calatrava was settled in the South-West of the bishopric of
Jaén, and, it was submitted to the ecclesiastical jurisdiction
of that diocese. The order of Saniago was settled in Segura de
la Sierra, watching the slopes of the rivers Guadalquivir and
Segura, and, it was first submitted to the ecclesiastical
jurisdiction of Segura and afterwards to that of Cartagena.
Both orders had so me scattered properties in the different
councils and some villages which were in the area of the
Southern-Centre of that region. These areas are of a great economic benefit, situated in
the frontier with the Moslems, which transformed to the
Order of Calatrava, according to the facts of the 14th century,
in the seigniory of highest incomes in the High Guadalquivir.
Those incomes increased because they had a
series of privileges and exemptions; for example they
didn't pay tithes. It has been recorded in the different
agreements which took place in the Bishopric of Jaen.
|Editorial :||Universidad de Granada|
|Palabras clave:||Ordenes militares|
Orden de Santiago
Orden de Calatrava
|Derechos :||Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License|
|Referencia bibliografica :||Rodríguez Molina, J. Las Órdenes militares de Calatrava y Santiago en el alto Guadalquivir (Siglos XIII-XV). Cuadernos de Estudios Medievales y Ciencias y Técnicas Historiográficas, 2-3: 59-83 (1974-75). [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/30082]|
|Aparece en las colecciones:||CEM - Nº 2-3|
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